- Being overweight.
- Getting little or no physical activity.
- Having a parent, sister, or brother with the disease.
Other things that increase risk include:
- Race. African-American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian-American, and Pacific Islander children are at greater risk for type 2 diabetes than white American children.
- Being female. Girls are more likely to develop the disease than boys.
- The child's mother having diabetes that developed during pregnancy (gestational diabetes).
- The child being small for gestational age at birth.
Medical conditions that contribute to the risk of complications in adolescence and beyond include:
- High blood pressure.
- High cholesterol and high triglycerides.
- Fatty liver, in which fat is deposited in the liver.
- Sleep apnea, in which breathing stops briefly during sleep.
Teens who have diabetes and smoke have a higher risk of complications from diabetes than do those who do not smoke.