- English as a Second Language (ESL) programs are used for students who are not native English speakers. The two models of ESL instruction are the push-in and pull-out methods. The pull-out method is used with students who are in normal classes for the majority of their school day, but get pulled out for an ESL class at some point during the day.
- Many students who have trouble speaking English fear they will be made fun of if they speak up in class. They may have trouble understanding a topic but are afraid to ask the teacher. Pulling these students out for ESL class allows them to have a secure environment in which to ask questions and practice English.
- Normal classroom teachers do not have specialized training that ESL teachers do, and may not have the time or resources to teach an ESL student who is just starting to learn the language. During ESL class, students have access to a teacher who is trained to deal with language issues.
- When ESL students start at a new school, they can be overwhelmed. The class may not understand them, leading to feelings of isolation. Students also may feel they are not smart, because they are having trouble keeping up with the class. Having a class where they are the same as their classmates is a way to make them feel they are part of a group--which makes it easier for them to acclimate to their new culture. They also meet other students that have the same issues and concerns.