Know Your Condition
- People who have type 2 diabetes have a very specific, possibly life-threatening health issue. Their body is either resistant to the effects of insulin, which is a hormone that regulates sugar movement into the cells; their body doesn't produce enough insulin naturally; or a combination of both. It's important to get tested and to discuss your condition with your doctor. Depending on how advanced the type 2 diabetes is, you may have to take different precautions. If it isn't impacting your life at all, then preventative measures may be all that's required. If it's advanced further though, more drastic treatment may be necessary.
- If type 2 diabetes is diagnosed early, then you may avoid having to take insulin for a time. Controlling the body's production of glucose--the sugar that insulin is supposed to manage--through diet is the first option you have. Reading labels on food products and trying to avoid both artificially added sugar and carbohydrates is necessary. While added sugar is a danger, carbohydrates can be turned into glucose by the body, which will advance the condition of those with type 2 diabetes. Since each person's body and health is different, it's best to discuss the particulars of a diet with your doctor to be sure that proper nutrition is maintained.
Medication and Treatment
- Eating healthy, when combined with regular exercise, can slow and sometimes prevent further damage caused by type 2 diabetes. In many cases, constant monitoring of blood sugar, attention to diet, and regular exercise and physical therapy may be enough for you to live a long and full life. You may also be prescribed metformin, which is a drug that lowers glucose production in your liver. Other medications that can be taken by mouth can stimulate the body's natural production of insulin. Only in circumstances where these options don't work do insulin injections and therapy become truly necessary to fight type 2 diabetes.